How to Make Boilies

If you are thinking about making your own boilie then you may wonder where to start. There are lots of different ingredients that you can use and there are lots of recipes as well. It can actually be really confusing deciding what might be the best recipe or the best ingredients. If you know someone that fishes in the same site as you, then it can be useful to chat to them as they will be able to let you know what they have tried and what works well for them. However, you may still want to experiment yourself as you may find that there are things that they have not tried that will be better.

Base Ingredients

There are different base ingredients that you can try which will help to bind everything together. Semolina is a popular one as it is cheap and you can buy white or brown in supermarkets. It will carry flavour well and is a good carbohydrate. It is often mixed with soya flour in a 50/50 base. There are different types of soya flour that have different levels of protein but they all tend to work well you can choose from soya isolate which is the highest, soya flout or full-fat soya which is the lowest. Maize meal can also be added. It is cheap and carbohydrate and can be bought as flour or a more gritty and dense form. Polenta is a type of ground down maize that you could use. Rice flour could also be used with semolina as it is high in starch and semolina.

Bird Food

Some people like to use bird food and you can choose from different types. Some have insects in and others have seeds and they may need to be ground down a bit to be added in to the mix. They are usually pretty cheap. Some bird food has spices in and some have caraphyll red in them. The red colour is attractive to fish and so it could be added to the mix even if you do not choose bird food, in order to get their attention.

Fish Meals

Many anglers will buy fishmeal to add to their boilie. There are various proportions you could try but many will use ¼ fishmeal with ¼ each of various flours such as semolina, rice and soya. They may also add olive oil and eggs to bind it together. Then the addition of colouring will also help. The fish meal will provide a flavour which fish will like but they do vary and you may need to try different ones to see which works the best. A sweet flavour enhancer can also be useful to attract them. Another advantage of using fish meal is that it is great food for the fish and it will help them to grow which means that they will put on weight. In the winter months it slows their metabolism though so is not so good especially as it means that they will be harder to catch as a result. Fish meal can tend to be a bit lumpy so you may need to sieve it before rolling it so that it is easier to use.

Fish Oil

Some people use fish oil in their mix as it will attract fish. They can be used in the boilie at about 30ml per lb but also the hook baits can be dipped into it prior to casting. You could also spray it over your boilies or soak the hook baits in it for a few days. It will make the boilie hard. You could also add flavour to the oil to make it even more attractive. Some anglers choose to sprinkle fish oil on the water and as carp love them it will attract them to the area.

Mixing the Boilies

Make sure that you start by mixing the liquid ingredients to the egg. Then mix all the dry ingredients together and then add a spoonful at a time to the egg mix and thoroughly mix before adding the next spoonful. It should get to the point where it can be kneaded with the hands but is not sticky. You will need to put it in a plastic food bag so that it does not dry out. Then you can make it into sausage shapes and put it into your boilie gun to form the right sizes and leave them spread out to dry. Some people will boil them and using a chip pan with a basket so that you can easily put them in and get them out of the water. Boil for 90 seconds to form a skin, for 2 to 3 minutes to make a harder skin and a soft inside or for 3 to 5 minutes if you want them harder. Boiling will boil out the flavour too, so you need to get the balance right. You can always spray them with flavour afterwards and freeze them to get the flavour back.

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Best Ways to Use Ground Bait Crumb

Bread crumb ground baits are used by a lot of anglers, but it is important to get your technique right. Many successful fishermen use the technique, especially when catching carp. It is therefore well worth learning how to do it and how to get it correct so it enhances your chances of catching lots of fish.


There is an important tactic to it though. The problem with using a ground bait is that if you use too much then the fish will feed on it, be satisfied and have no reason to take the bait that is on the hook. It is therefore important to make sure that it attracts them without providing them with a filling meal. It is therefore a good idea to have a few powdered ingredients and some liquid or powdered attractants such as spices or flavourings or even colourings that will arouse their curiosity. The types of things that you can use are oils, coconut milk, condensed milk, herbs, powdered hemp or tiger nuts and creamed milks. These will help to stick the bread crumbs together and flavour them. Using white bread can be better as it will bind better and so the balls will hold together better in the water. You can also damp them before pitting them in the water. This will not only mean that they will stick together better but they will form a skin so they can fly further through the air if you need to throw them some distance from the shore. Making them in this way will mean that they will not be too satisfying and it could actually make the fish more hungry for proper food so they will be much more tempted to take the bait from your hook.


So, it can be a good idea to start by putting out half a dozen balls when you first start. This is best in clear water where they will be more easily seen. Also keep them in a small area as you do not want the fish straying too far from the hook. Large hooks can then be used as long as they are well hidden with bait and they are more likely to hold on to a fish. Carp will still be cautious though and so you will need to keep attracting them with the ground bait crumb. As it is not filling them up, they are more likely to be brave and come to investigate what you have on your hook and you are more likely to be able to catch them. However, you still do not want to use them too often as dropping them into the water can scare the fish and if some are already interested in your hook bait, they may be scared away. It is therefore good to try to be gentle and also keep a close check on what is going on, if it is possible for you to see anything under the water. It is more likely that you will have to guess, so just leave gaps between throwing them in and that should work out for you.

How to Keep Going

If you have several rods, then you will want to position them in the middle of them. You will need to be careful about what bait you are using as well. Obviously, the point is not to attract the fish to eat the ground bait but to actually come close and eat the bait on the hook. The ground bait is to attract them in but the hook is your target. Therefore, you will need to be careful to not use too much at a time or do it too often or they may just spend all of their time eating the ground bait and staying away from the hooks. Make sure that your hooks are also very attractive. If you are using flavour and colour on the ground bait, you will also need to use this on the hook bait. Think about how you can make the hook bait even more attractive than the ground bait, perhaps by using different colours and flavours. It can be a case of experimentation, but if you have the basics and try these methods, you will at least know where to start. Fiddling around with your bait recipes can make a difference, but it can be frustrating as in the same location, some days baits will just seem more attractive than others. You will also have to work much harder in the winter months as fish are less likely to bite so you may need more bait and to think harder about making it really attractive.

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